One of the aims of archaeometallurgy is to reconstruct the organization of metal production into a distinctly characteristic industry.  An intricate industrial process such as the smelting of copper, silver, iron, or tin provides an unusually favorable situation for the reconstruction of complex chains of behavior because metallurgical activity generates identifiable by-products from each phase of the technical process. These perspectives will cultivate a sophisticated understanding of material culture variability and change and of the kinds of information it may provide about the workings of ancient societies.

The Koç University Archaeology Laboratory provides the instruments for the research into the social organization of material production and the methods used by archaeologists to make inferences about past societies from their material remains. Particular attention is given to the social and cultural factors that shape technical processes and, ultimately, material form.